Traffic regulations 2018 – section number 1 – General provisions

1.1. These Traffic Rules (hereinafter referred to as the Rules) establish the uniform traffic procedure throughout the territory of the Russian Federation. Other regulations relating to road traffic should be based on the requirements of the Rules and not contradict them.
1.2. The Rules use the following basic concepts and terms:
“Motorway”  is a road marked with a sign 5.1 and having for each direction of travel carriageways separated from each other by a dividing strip (or, if there is no road fence), without intersections in the same level with other roads, railway or tramways, pedestrian or bicycle lanes.
“Auto train”  is a motor vehicle coupled to a trailer (trailers).
A “bicycle”  is a vehicle, other than wheelchairs, that has at least two wheels and is driven, as a rule, by the muscular energy of persons on that vehicle, in particular with pedals or handles, and may also have an electric motor with a rated maximum power. in continuous operation mode, not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically shutting down at a speed exceeding 25 km / h.
“Cyclist”  – the person controlling the bike.
“Cycle lane”  is a structurally separated from the roadway and sidewalk element of the road (or a separate road), intended for the movement of cyclists and indicated by 4.4.1.
A “driver”  is an individual driving a vehicle, a self-propelled vehicle, with the exception of a person who is trained in driving a motor vehicle, a self-propelled vehicle (who passes the qualifying practical examination for the right to drive a motor vehicle, a self-propelled vehicle). A person who is trained to operate a motor vehicle, a self-propelled vehicle (accepting the qualifying practical examination for the right to drive a motor vehicle, a self-propelled vehicle) and is in it (her), as well as a rider and a drover of cattle are equal to the driver.
“Forced stop”  is the termination of the vehicle movement due to its technical malfunction or danger caused by the cargo being transported, the condition of the driver (passenger) or the appearance of an obstacle on the road.
A “hybrid car”  is a vehicle that has at least 2 different energy converters (engines) and 2 different (on-board) energy storage systems for driving a vehicle.
“Main road”  is a road marked with signs 2.1, 2.3.1 – 2.3.7 or 5.1, with respect to the intersected (adjoining), or paved road (asphalt and cement concrete, stone materials, etc.) with respect to dirt , or any road in relation to departures from adjacent territories. The presence on the secondary road directly in front of the intersection of the section with the coating does not make it equal in value to the intersected one.
“Daytime running lights”  – external lighting devices designed to improve the visibility of a moving vehicle from the front during daylight hours.
“Road”  means a strip of land or surface of an artificial structure equipped or adapted and used for the movement of vehicles. The road includes one or more carriageways, as well as tram lines, sidewalks, curbs and dividing lanes, if any.
“Road traffic”  is a set of social relations arising in the process of moving people and goods with or without means of vehicles within roads.
“Traffic accident”  – an event that occurred during the process of driving on the road of a vehicle and with its participation, in which people died or were injured, vehicles, structures, cargoes were damaged or other material damage was caused.
“Railway crossing”  – the intersection of the road with the railway tracks on the same level.
“Shuttle vehicle”  is a public transport vehicle (bus, trolleybus, tram), designed to carry people on roads and moving along a fixed route with designated stopping points.
A “motorized vehicle”  is a vehicle powered by an engine. The term also applies to any tractors and self-propelled machines.
A “moped”  is a two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle, the maximum design speed of which does not exceed 50 km / h, having an internal combustion engine with a working volume not exceeding 50 cubic meters. cm, or an electric motor with a rated maximum power in continuous operation mode more than 0.25 kW and less than 4 kW. The quadricycles having similar technical characteristics are equated to mopeds.
A “motorcycle”  is a two-wheeled power-driven vehicle with or without a side trailer, whose engine capacity (in the case of an internal combustion engine) exceeds 50 cu. cm or maximum design speed (with any engine) exceeds 50 km / h. Tricycles are equated to motorcycles, as well as quadricycles with a motorcycle landing or a motorcycle-type rudder, having an unloaded weight not exceeding 400 kg (550 kg for vehicles intended for the carriage of goods) excluding the mass of batteries (in the case of electric vehicles), and the maximum effective motor power not exceeding 15 kW.
“Settlement”  – built-up area, the entrances to which and departures from which are marked with signs 5.23.1. – 5.26.
“Insufficient visibility”  – the visibility of the road is less than 300 m in conditions of fog, rain, snow and the like, as well as at dusk.
“Overtaking”  is the advance of one or several vehicles connected with the exit to the lane (the side of the carriageway), intended for oncoming traffic, and the subsequent return to the previously occupied lane (the side of the carriageway).
“Curb”  is an element of the road, directly adjacent to the roadway flush with it, differing in the type of coverage or selected using the 1.2 marking, used for driving, stopping and parking in accordance with the Rules.
“Limited visibility”  – visibility by the driver of the road in the direction of travel, limited by the terrain, the geometrical parameters of the road, vegetation, buildings, structures or other objects, including vehicles.
“Danger to traffic”  – a situation that has arisen in the process of road traffic, in which continuing movement in the same direction and at the same speed creates the risk of a traffic accident.
“Dangerous goods”  are substances, products made from them, waste from industrial and other economic activities that, due to their inherent properties, may pose a threat to human life and health, damage the environment, damage or destroy material assets during transportation.
“Advance”  – the movement of the vehicle at a speed greater than the speed of the passing vehicle.
“Organized transportation of a group of children”  – transportation in a bus not related to a route vehicle, a group of children of 8 or more people, carried out without their legal representatives, except in the case when the legal representative (s) are appointed (and) an accompanying (or) or designated medical professional.
“Organized transport column”  – a group of three or more motor vehicles directly following each other in the same lane with constantly turned on headlights accompanied by the lead vehicle with special colorographic schemes printed on the outer surfaces and flashing beacons of blue and red flowers.
“Organized walking column”  – designated in accordance with paragraph 4.2 of the Rules, a group of people, jointly moving along the road in one direction.
“Stopping”  – the deliberate cessation of the movement of the vehicle for up to 5 minutes, and also more if it is necessary for embarking or disembarking passengers or loading or unloading the vehicle.
The “island of safety”  is an element of road arrangement that separates lanes (including lanes for cyclists), as well as lanes and tram tracks, constructively marked with a curb stone over the carriageway or designated by means of traffic management and intended to stop pedestrians at crossing the roadway. The safety island may include part of the dividing strip through which the pedestrian crossing is made.
“Parking (parking space)”  – a specially designated and, if necessary, equipped and equipped place, which is also part of the road and (or) adjacent to the carriageway and (or) pavement, roadside, overpass or bridge, or is part of the sub-stage or bridge platform spaces, squares and other objects of the road network, buildings, structures or structures and intended for the organized parking of vehicles on a paid basis or free of charge by the decision of the owner or other owner a road, land owner or owner of the relevant part of the building, structure or structure.
“Passenger”  – a person, other than the driver, who is in the vehicle (on it), as well as a person who enters the vehicle (sits on it) or leaves the vehicle (leaves it).
“Crossroads”  is a place of intersection, junction or branching of roads on the same level, bounded by imaginary lines connecting, respectively, opposite, most distant from the center of the intersection, the beginning of the curvature of the carriageways. Departures from adjacent territories are not considered intersections.
“Rebuilding”  – leaving the occupied lane or occupied row while maintaining the original direction of movement.
“Pedestrian”  – a person who is outside the vehicle on the road or on a pedestrian or cycle walkway and does not work on them. Pedestrians are equal to persons moving in wheelchairs without an engine, driving a bicycle, moped, motorcycle, carrying a sled, cart, baby or wheelchair, as well as using roller skates, scooters and other similar means to move.
“Footpath”  means a strip of land or surface of an artificial structure equipped or adapted for the movement of pedestrians, indicated by the sign 4.5.1.
“Pedestrian zone”  is a territory intended for the movement of pedestrians, the beginning and end of which are indicated by signs 5.33 and 5.34, respectively.
“Pedestrian and cycling path (cycle path)”  is a structurally separated from the roadway element of the road (or a separate road), intended for separate or joint cyclists with pedestrians and marked with signs 4.5.2 – 4.5.7.
“Pedestrian crossing”  is a section of the carriageway designated by signs 5.19.1, 5.19.2 and (or) marking 1.14.1 and 1.1 and designated for pedestrian traffic across the road. In the absence of marking, the width of a pedestrian crossing is determined by the distance between signs 5.19.1 and 5.19.2.
“Lane”  – any of the longitudinal lanes of the carriageway, indicated or not marked by markings and having a width sufficient for the movement of vehicles in one row.
“Lane for cyclists”  – a lane of the carriageway intended for driving on bicycles and mopeds, separated from the rest of the carriageway by a horizontal marking and indicated by the sign 5.14.2.
“Advantage (priority)”  – the right to prioritize movement in the intended direction in relation to other road users.
“Obstacle”  is a stationary object in the lane (a faulty or damaged vehicle, a defect in the carriageway, foreign objects, etc.), which does not allow movement to continue along this lane. There is no obstacle to a traffic jam or vehicle stopped in this lane in accordance with the requirements of the Regulations.
“Adjacent territory”  – the territory immediately adjacent to the road and not intended for the through movement of vehicles (courtyards, residential areas, parking lots, gas stations, businesses, etc.). Movement on the adjacent territory is carried out in accordance with these Rules.
A “trailer”  is a vehicle that is not equipped with an engine and is intended to be used in combination with a motorized vehicle. The term also extends to semi-trailers and trailers.
“Roadway”  – an element of the road, intended for the movement of trackless vehicles.
“Dividing line”  – an element of the road, separated constructively and (or) with the help of marking 1.2, separating adjacent roadways, as well as the carriageway and tram tracks and not intended for movement and stopping of vehicles.
“Permitted maximum mass”  is the mass of the equipped vehicle with cargo, the driver and passengers, set by the manufacturer as the maximum allowable. For the allowed maximum mass of the composition of vehicles, that is, concatenated and moving as one, the sum of the allowed maximum masses of the vehicles making up is taken.
“The  traffic controller” is a person who, in accordance with the established procedure, has the authority to regulate traffic by means of signals established by the Rules and directly carries out the specified regulation. The traffic controller should be in uniform and (or) have a distinctive sign and equipment. Police officers and military road inspectors, as well as employees of road maintenance services who are on duty at railway crossings and ferry crossings in the performance of their official duties, belong to the controllers.
“Parking”  – the deliberate cessation of the vehicle for more than 5 minutes for reasons not related to embarking or disembarking passengers or loading or unloading the vehicle.
“Dark time of day”  – the time interval from the end of evening twilight to the beginning of morning twilight.
“Vehicle”  – a device designed to carry on the roads of people, goods or equipment installed on it.
“Pavement”  – an element of the road, intended for the movement of pedestrians and adjacent to the carriageway or bicycle path or separated from them by a lawn.
“Give way (not interfere)”  is a requirement meaning that a road user should not start, resume or continue traffic, carry out any maneuver, if it can force other road users with an advantage over him to change direction movement or speed.
“Road Participant”  – a person who is directly involved in the process of driving as a driver, pedestrian, passenger vehicle.
“School bus”  is a specialized vehicle (bus) that meets the requirements for vehicles for the transportation of children, established by the legislation on technical regulation, and owned by the right of ownership or on other legal grounds of a pre-school educational or educational institution.
“Electromobile” means a vehicle driven exclusively by an electric motor and charged by an external source of electricity.
1.3. Road users are required to know and comply with the relevant requirements of the Road Traffic Regulations, traffic lights, signs and markings, as well as comply with the orders of traffic controllers acting within the limits of the rights granted to them and regulating road traffic with established signals.
1.4. Right-hand traffic is installed on the roads.
1.5. Road users must act in such a way as not to create a danger to traffic and not to cause harm.
It is forbidden to damage or contaminate the road surface, remove, block, damage, install traffic signs, traffic lights and other technical means of organizing traffic without permission, leave objects on the road that interfere with traffic. The person who created the obstacle is obliged to take all possible measures to eliminate it, and if this is not possible, by means of available means to ensure that the participants in the movement are informed about the danger and report to the police.
1.6. Persons who violate the Rules are liable in accordance with applicable law.
Valid as of 2017. Rules of the road are given with the latest amendments and additions dated July 12, 2017.
>> Traffic Regulations 2018 – Section 2 – General Drivers Responsibilities

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